Sejong (kor.: 세종; * Mai , Hanseong, Joseon; † 8. April , ebenda) war während seiner Regierungszeit von 14der 4. König der. Oktober ist in Korea Hangeul-Tag, an dem die Erfindung der koreanischen Schrift duch König Sejong gefeiert wird. Das aus phonetischen. König Sejong, der 4. König der Joseon-Zeit, trug zu einigen der brillantesten Leistungen in der koreanischen Geschichte bei, besonders zu der Erschaffung des.
Biografie von König Sejong der Große von Korea, Gelehrter und FührerKönig Sejong, der 4. König der Joseon-Zeit, trug zu einigen der brillantesten Leistungen in der koreanischen Geschichte bei, besonders zu der Erschaffung des. Statue des Königs Sejong (세종대왕 동상) - Besichtigung - Die Einführung der Reise- und Tourismusinformation von Korea. Sejong (kor.: 세종; * Mai , Hanseong, Joseon; † 8. April , ebenda) war während seiner Regierungszeit von 14der 4. König der.
König Sejong Navigation menu VideoSejong the Great Jeder soll diese Buchstaben Italienisches Restaurant Gütersloh seiner Erleichterung lernen und sie im täglichen Leben anwenden. Dieser philosophisch-kosmologische Hintergrund fügt sich ein in das neokonfuzianische Gesamtbild. Da er den Wunsch hatte, dass Joy Chat viele seiner Untertanen in den Genuss von Bildung kamen, war eine effiziente Drucktechnik für die Erhöhung der Anzahl Drucke pro Zeiteinheit wichtig.
King Sejong was an effective military planner. After the end of the Goryeo Dynasty, the coastal areas of Korea were often invaded by Japanese pirates Wakou.
In the government of Korea sent two diplomats to request that the Japanese government the Ashikaga shogunate tighten control over the pirates.
On their return the diplomats brought two Japanese Zen monks with them. In another Korean diplomat visited Kyoto , asking that the pirates be controlled more strictly, and brought back a Japanese monk who delivered a letter to the Korean government.
In and , Korean diplomats again visited Japan, and the Japanese feudal Lord Ouchi Yoshihiro cooperated by sending soldiers to subjugate the Japanese pirates.
This activity initiated diplomatic relations between the Japanese government and the Joseon Dynasty.
In , the Muromachi Shogun, Ashikaga Yoshimitsu of Japan, ordered the officials of Kyushu to regulate Japanese pirates, and at the same time sent a diplomat to open trade with the Ming dynasty of China.
In , Ashikaga Yoshimitsu sent a monk as his representative to officially open trade with Korea. In , Korea designated three treaty ports including Pusan for trade with Japan, and many of the pirates moved to China and Southeast Asia.
King Sejong supported the development of literature and encouraged higher officials and scholars to study at his court. The Korean people now had an alphabet which could be used to transcribe their own language.
Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency. They later devised three different systems for writing Korean with Chinese characters: Hyangchal, Gukyeol and Idu.
These systems were similar to those developed later in Japan and were probably used as models by the Japanese. The Korea Herald.
Ledyard , The Korean Language Reform of , p. Seoul: Samjung Munhwasa, Joongnag Daily. Archived from the original on 11 April Joongang Daily.
October 10, Archived from the original on April 11, House of Yi. Kingdom of Joseon and Korean Empire — Korea under Japanese rule — Yi Hui — Post- World War II present.
Yi Hae-won — Those who ascended to the throne were excluded in the list for simplification. Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. For example, he encouraged the improvement of a moveable metal type for printing first used in Korea by , at least years before Johannes Gutenberg introduced his groundbreaking printing press, as well as the development of the sturdier mulberry-fiber paper.
These measures made better-quality books much more widely available among educated Koreans. Books that Sejong sponsored included a history of the Goryeo Kingdom, a compilation of filial deeds model actions for followers of Confucius to emulate , farming guides meant to help farmers improve production, and others.
Other scientific devices sponsored by King Sejong included the first rain gauge, sundials, unusually accurate water clocks, and maps of the stars and celestial globes.
He also took an interest in music, devising an elegant notation system for representing Korean and Chinese music, and encouraging instrument-makers to improve the designs of various musical instruments.
In , King Sejong established an academy of 20 top Confucian scholars to advise him called the Hall of Worthies. The scholars studied the ancient laws and rites of China and previous Korean dynasties, compiled historical texts, and lectured the king and crown prince on Confucian classics.
In addition, Sejong ordered one top scholar to comb the country for intellectually talented young men who would be given a stipend to retreat for one year from their work.
The young scholars were sent to a mountain temple, where they read books on a vast array of subjects that included astronomy, medicine, geography, history, the art of war, and religion.
Many of the Worthies objected to this expansive menu of options, believing that a study of Confucian thought was sufficient, but Sejong preferred to have a scholar class with a wide range of knowledge.
To aid the common people, Sejong established a grain surplus of approximately 5 million bushels of rice.
In times of drought or flood, this grain was available to feed and support poor farming families to help prevent famine. King Sejong is best remembered for the invention of hangul , the Korean alphabet.
He saw books as a means of spreading education among his people. One of the first works he commissioned was a history of the Koryo Kingdom.
Others included a handbook on improved farming methods to increase production, a revised and enlarged collection of model filial deeds, and a illustrated book of the duties and responsibilities that accompany human relations.
King Sejong contributed to Korean civilization in a number of other ways, as well. He made improvements in the movable metal type that had been invented in Korea around He initiated the development of musical notation for Korean and Chinese music, helped improve designs for various musical instruments, and encouraged the composition of orchestral music.
King Sejong also sponsored numerous scientific inventions, including the rain gauge, sundial, water clock, celestial globes, astronomical maps, and the orrery, a mechanical representation of the solar system.
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Dissemination of standardized Korean language course and materials of King Sejong Institute. Dispatch of Korean language teachers and management of curriculum to enhance the professionalism of teachers.
King Sejong is widely recognized as one of the most influential and greatest Koreans in history. This alone would have made King Sejong more than worthy of his name, but there is much more to his legacy than this!
King Sejong lived from , he was the 4th king of the Joseon Dynasty — reigning from until his death. His 32 years sitting on the throne brought about some of the most important changes in Korean history.
King Sejong is best known for personally inventing Hangul, the Korean script. The script was completed in and published a few years later in This accompanied the announcement of this new alphabet, explaining the philosophy behind the script.
These systems did not mix well. This meant that basic literacy was achievable to only those with access to a high education, such as nobles and scholars.